Africa’s Top 10 Largest Capital Cities in 2023

Africa's Top 10 Largest Capital Cities in 2023
Africa’s Top 10 Largest Capital Cities in 2023

Africa’s Top 10 Largest Capital Cities in 2023


Top 10 Africa’s Largest Capital Cities in 2023 With unparalleled beauty and diversity, Africa is home to some of the world’s busiest and most vibrant capital cities. In 2023, Africa’s largest metropolises will continue to develop and prosper, reflecting the continent’s rich history, culture, and dynamic growth. This article takes a closer look at the ten largest capital cities in Africa in 2023, each offering a unique blend of tradition and modernity.


The 10 largest capital cities in Africa in 2023

1. Cairo, Egypt (Population: over 20 million)

Cairo remains the largest capital in Africa and the flourishing heart of Egypt. With more than 20 million inhabitants, it is a bustling metropolis that effortlessly connects Africa and the Middle East. In addition to historical treasures such as the Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx, Cairo’s skyline continues to evolve with modern developments and a vibrant urban culture.


2. Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Population: more than 14 million)

Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is second on our list. With more than 14 million inhabitants, it is a vibrant and diverse city on the banks of the Congo River. Known for its energetic music scene and rich culture, Kinshasa is a city that never sleeps.

3. Nairobi, Kenya (Population: over 4 million)

Nairobi, the capital of Kenya, is number three on our list. As the political and economic centre of East Africa, Nairobi has a modern skyline and a unique blend of urban life and nature conservation. Nairobi National Park, located on the outskirts of the city, continues to be a haven for a variety of wildlife.


4. Lagos, Nigeria (Population: over 15 million)

Although Lagos is no longer the capital of Nigeria, it is Africa’s largest city and a thriving economic center. With a population of over 15 million, it is known for its vibrant street life, thriving entertainment industry, and a fast-rising tech hub called Silicon Lagoon. Lagos continues to be a city that never ceases to amaze.

Africa's Top 10 Largest Capital Cities in 2023
Africa’s Top 10 Largest Capital Cities in 2023

5. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (Population: over 3 million)

Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia, is fifth on our list with more than 3 million inhabitants. It is the headquarters of the African Union and has a rich history and culture. Visitors can explore the Museum of Ethnology and the National Museum of Ethiopia, where the famous “Lucy” fossil is on display. Addis Ababa’s markets and diverse cuisine testify to its vibrant culture.


6. Luanda, Angola (Population: more than 8 million)

Located on the Atlantic coast of Angola, Luanda is the capital and largest city of the country. With a population of over 8 million, it offers a unique combination of Portuguese colonial architecture and modern skyscrapers. Luanda’s waterfront remains a popular attraction, offering stunning views and insights into Angola’s future.


7. Pretoria, South Africa (Population: over 2 million)

Pretoria, one of the three capitals of South Africa, is number seven on our list, with a population of over 2 million people. Known for its national institutions, such as the iconic Union Buildings, Pretoria offers a more relaxed and historic atmosphere compared to the bustling metropolises of Johannesburg and Cape Town.


8. Rabat, Morocco (Population: over 1.5 million)

Rabat, the capital of Morocco, is a fascinating city with more than 1.5 million inhabitants. It is known for its historical importance and magnificent architecture. The city perfectly blends ancient sites like the Udayas Kasbah with modern coastal areas. The Medina of Rabat, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a must-see.


9. Tunis, Tunisia (population: over a million)

Tunis, the capital of Tunisia, is ninth on our list with over a million inhabitants. Located on the Mediterranean coast, the hotel offers an exciting mix of Arabic and Mediterranean influences. The city’s historic medina, ancient ruins of Carthage, and bustling markets showcase Tunisia’s rich cultural heritage.


10. Accra, Ghana (Population: over 3 million)

Accra, the capital of Ghana, ends our journey as the tenth-largest capital in Africa. With a population of over 3 million, Accra is known for its warm hospitality and lively atmosphere. It has a significant historical connection to the transatlantic slave trade, which can be seen in landmarks such as the mausoleum of Kwame Nkrumah. The city’s vibrant art and music scene adds to its unique charm.



As of 2023, Africa’s ten largest capital cities continue to be vibrant centers of culture, history, and growth. Each city offers a unique blend of tradition and modernity, making it an exciting and versatile destination for tourists and residents alike. Whether you’re interested in history, wildlife, contemporary culture, or urban exploration, these capital cities offer a glimpse into the dynamic and ever-evolving nature of the African continent.

Africa's Top 10 Largest Capital Cities in 2023
Africa’s Top 10 Largest Capital Cities in 2023

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